On March 2, 2010, the EPA listed the Gowanus Canal in Brooklyn on the National Priorities List (NPL), making it a federal Superfund site. The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation urged EPA to consider the Gowanus Canal for inclusion on the NPL in December 2008, and EPA proposed listing it on the NPL in April 2009. New York City opposed the listing, claiming it had an "alternative plan" to clean up the Canal that would cost less and take less time. EPA said in its statement announcing the decision that, "The Agency has determined that adding the site to the Superfund list is the best way to clean up the heavily contaminated canal." Indeed, the site's Superfund status will now allow EPA to use federal monies to clean up the site.